What is the Darwin’s theory? As the name suggests, it must be Darwin’s own theory, it must come from what Darwin himself said. The vast majority of people do not know exactly what the Darwin’s theory is about. They replace the Darwin’s theory with their own, or think that a theory proposed by Harvard or Yale professors is the Darwin’s. So the theory becomes Kelvin Lee’s theory, or John Smith’s one, etc.
Let us see what Darwin’s said of his theory:
“In October 1838, that is, fifteen months after I had begun my systematic inquiry. I happened to read for amusement “Malthus on Population,” and being well prepared to appreciate the struggle for existence which everywhere goes on from long-continued observation of the habits of animals and plants, it at once struck me that under these circumstances favorable variations would tend to be preserved and unfavorable ones to be destroyed. The result of this would be the formation of new species” (Darwin, Huxley et al. 1983) .
From the above, ones could see there are five components in the Darwin’s theory, and they are indispensable.
1) Organisms have different biological abilities
2) The abilities are inherited, which means that they can pass into the next generation
3) Natural resources can not meet demand of all living organisms
4) Ones with more favored characteristics will survive in the competition for natural resource, whereas ones without favored one will be eliminated
5) This process will continue many, many generations; eventually a new species will be generated.
Let’s analyses the five components one by one:
First, organisms have different capacities, this is a natural phenomenon, and it goes without saying. Second, biological abilities could be hereditary, “like father, like son”, this is also a natural phenomena, which is also known and accepted. Third, organisms multiply much faster that natural resource, as natural resources could not meet the demand of all organisms in same species. This is the theory proposed by Malthus, not Darwin. Darwin borrowed it from Malthus to support his view. Fourth, organisms with more abilities would have better chance to survive with the limitation than ones with poor abilities. Fifth, after many, many generations a new species occurs with the process. In the first, second and third points are not derived from Darwin himself; they are natural phenomena or someone else’s theory. Only the fourth and fifth points are the Darwin’s theory, they are the core of his idea, Darwin called the whole process natural selection.
Whether there exists the fourth point? Theoretically it is possible, it is only observed at the local area and in specific time. For example, there is food shortage in North Korea and some African countries, people are dying of starvation. According to the Darwin’s idea it is the best time for evolution. If no one starves to death, evolution would stop.
Even there are food shortage and competition among organism for food, no one has ever see or report generation of a new species as the results of it.
In order to prove Darwin’s theory, people only need to find some examples, even an example, in which a new species generated due to insufficient natural resource and competition in old species, so that people might think that theory may be correct in certain situations. There must be two points in any one example to support the theory: 1) shortage of natural resource and “struggle for existence”, 2) generation of new species.
It is estimated that there are over 100,000 papers published in scientific journals, many of them were published in “Nature”, “Science”, and other top-notch journals. However, none of those papers include the two components; they either report new fossils or possible a new species without telling how species generated, or report that changes of characteristics within species associated with circumstances without showing the resulted species can not mate with original ones and they have become a new species. Who can detect lack of food and “competition for existence” in newly discovered fossils? There is only one of two components in the cases.
Generation of drug-resistant bacteria is a well-known example, cited in almost all major books written by Neo-Darwinians as the evidence to support the theory. However, there is no new species (bacteria is never considered as a species), no lack of food (presence of antibiotics has nothing with lack of natural resource), there is zero components of two components.
Even many Darwin supporters call the theory the greatest one in the world; in fact it is a self-bragging, and a beautiful “soap bubble”. People will soon figure out to scientific community the theory not a glory, but a shame.
Darwin, C., T. H. Huxley, et al. (1983). Autobiographies. Oxford Oxfordshire ; New York, OxfordUniversity Press