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The  First Amendment Requires Separation of State from Religion

The First Amendment Requires Separation of State from Religion

U.S. National Science Foundation (USNSF) is a federal agency, established in 1950. Its mission is to improve science education through funding of basic research programs, development of scientific information and promote international scientific cooperation and other measures to promote the development of science.

The United States is a country ruled by laws, every citizen and the state institution should follow the laws without exception.

The First Amendment of the United States Constitution expressly provides that: Congress shall make no law on the creation of religion or prohibiting the freedom of religion.

The legal implication of the First Amendment is very broad; the consensus is that the government can not support a particular religion. The government must remain neutral orientation or against religion or non-religious. For example, if an organizations wants use public facilities, the permit must be neutral, neither favoring the non-religious or religious groups, and it cannot prefer one faction to another factions.

In 1947, the U.S. Supreme Court decision Everson v. Board of Education incorporated the Establishment Clause (i.e., made it apply against the states). In the majority decision, Justice Hugo Black wrote,

The “establishment of religion” clause of the First Amendment means at least this: Neither a state nor the Federal Government can set up a church. Neither can pass laws which aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one religion to another … in the words of Jefferson, the [First Amendment] clause against establishment of religion by law was intended to erect ‘a wall of separation between church and State’ … That wall must be kept high and impregnable. We could not approve the slightest breach.”

http://tinyurl.com/6a7yf4r

“Intelligent Design” or ID is a faith that holds that the mainstream theories can not explain how new species generated, therefore an assumption is necessary that presence of “intelligent designer” was involved with speciation.  The Discovery Institute is the headquarter of  “Intelligent Design”, located at Seattle, United States. ID believers neither have “idol” to worship, nor rituals to practice, and they are self-sustained without spending tax money.

Neo-Darwinism is not a religion by conventional definition, which has neither physical location for believers to pray to, nor “idol” to worship. Nonetheless, it is a faith without deity, or a pseudo-science with no way to disprove. It is essentially a faith wrapped with science coat, which provides scientific explanation of origins of species for atheism.

“An atheist before Darwin could have said, following Hume: “I have no explanation for complex biological design. All I know is that God isn’t a good explanation, so we must wait and hope that somebody comes up with a better one.” I can’t help feeling that such a position, though logically sound, would have left one feeling pretty unsatisfied, and that although atheism might have been logically tenable before Darwin, Darwin made it possible to be an intellectually fulfilled atheist.” (Dawkins, 1986)

“In fact [subsequent to the publication of Darwin’s book, Origin of Species], evolution became, in a sense, a scientific religion; almost all scientists have accepted it and many are prepared to `bend’ their observations to fit with it. . To my mind, the theory does not stand up at all.” (Lipson 1980)

By the First Amendment, USNSF should only sponsor scientific researches with the taxpayer money. In 2010, it spent more than 6.9 billion U.S. dollars. At least forty-fifty millions dollar are on research projects of biological evolution, most of the projects are based on the Neo-Darwin’s theory. The spending was not just in 2010, but have been going on at least several decades or even over 100 years. NSF breaches the First Amendment for its negligence.

The above is just the tip of a iceberg. Other funding institutions might be other federal agencies, private foundations and industries in US. There are many funding institutions outside the States; actual money spent to support the theory could be a few hundred millions dollars a year.

Even America is one of the richest country in  the world, still there are many underprivileged persons who do not have enough food, are homeless, have no medical insurance, and live in miserable conditions. The money wasted on researches of Darwinism could improve their living conditions by thousands, or save thousand and thousand lives if aiding hungry African children.

Reference

Dawkins, R. (1986). The blind watchmaker. p. 6. New York, Norton

Lipson, H. S. (1980). “A Physicist Looks at Evolution.” Physics Bulletin 31: 138

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